loading...
  • thumb

    Ressources de la planète: l'humanité vivra à crédit à partir de lundi

    Quiz

    demo

  • Toute l’actualité en VO

    4,99€ TTC / mois  

    Accès aux sous-titres,
    dictionnaire, quiz...

    Je m’abonne
  • thumb

    Lower trust in vaccines among people in richer countries: survey

    Quiz

    19/06/2019
  • thumb

    Historic US drug bust nets 16 tonnes of cocaine

    Quiz

    18/06/2019
  • thumb

    Sanofi turns to Google in search for better treatments

    Quiz

    18/06/2019
  • thumb

    India doctors call off strike after gov't pledges better security

    Quiz

    17/06/2019
  • thumb

    WHO emergency panel meets on Ebola after Uganda deaths

    Quiz

    14/06/2019
  
ARTICLEa-A+ mail twitter facebook
Version demo

Ressources de la planète: l'humanité vivra à crédit à partir de lundi


2016-08-03
thumb

L'humanité auraaura consomméconsommé lundilundi lala totalitétotalité desdes ressourcesressources queque lala planèteplanète peutpeut renouvelerrenouveler enen unun anan etet vivravivra doncdonc crédit"crédit" jusqu'au 31 décembre,décembre, aa calculécalculé l'ONGl'ONG GlobalGlobal Footprint Network, relevantrelevant queque cece momentmoment survientsurvient dede plusplus enen plusplus tôttôt chaquechaque année.année.

LeLe lundilundi 8 aoûtaoût marquemarque pourpour lala TerreTerre lele "jour"jour dudu dépassement"dépassement" ("earth overshoot day" enen anglais).anglais). AA partirpartir dede cettecette date,date, "nous"nous vivonsvivons doncdonc àà crédit",crédit", écriventécrivent GlobalGlobal Footprint etet lele WWF dansdans unun communiqué.communiqué.

PourPour sesses calculs,calculs, GlobalGlobal Footprint prendprend notammentnotamment enen comptecompte l'empreinte carbone,carbone, lesles ressourcesressources consomméesconsommées pourpour lala pêche,pêche, l'élevage, lesles cultures,cultures, lala constructionconstruction etet l'utilisation d'eau.

EnEn 2015, lele "jour"jour dudu dépassement"dépassement" étaitétait survenusurvenu lele 13 août.août. LaLa datedate "avance"avance inexorablementinexorablement depuisdepuis lesles annéesannées 1970", relèventrelèvent lesles ONG.

photo1

EnEn 1970, ilil n'était survenusurvenu queque lele 23 décembre.décembre. Depuis,Depuis, sasa datedate n'an'a cessécessé d'avancer: 3 novembrenovembre enen 1980, 13 octobreoctobre enen 1990, 4 octobreoctobre enen 2000, 3 septembre enen 2005, 28 aoûtaoût enen 2010.

"Pour"Pour subvenirsubvenir àà nosnos besoins,besoins, nousnous avonsavons aujourd'hui besoinbesoin dede l’équivalent dede 1,6 planète"planète" parpar an,an, relèventrelèvent GlobalGlobal Footprint etet WWF.

"Le"Le coûtcoût dede cettecette surconsommationsurconsommation estest déjàdéjà visible: pénuriespénuries d'eau, désertification, érosionérosion desdes sols,sols, chutechute dede lala productivitéproductivité agricoleagricole etet desdes stocksstocks dede poissons,poissons, déforestation,déforestation, disparitiondisparition desdes espèces",espèces", déplorentdéplorent lesles ONG.

"Vivre"Vivre àà créditcrédit nene peutpeut êtreêtre queque provisoireprovisoire parce queque lala naturenature n'est paspas unun gisementgisement dansdans lequellequel nousnous pouvonspouvons puiserpuiser indéfiniment",indéfiniment", soulignent-elles.

LesLes émissionsémissions dede CO2, lele principalprincipal gazgaz àà effeteffet dede serre, sontsont lele plusplus importantimportant facteurfacteur dede dépassement: elleselles représententreprésentent "60% dede notrenotre empreinteempreinte écologiqueécologique globale",globale", précisentprécisent lele WWF etet GlobalGlobal Footprint.

photo2

SelonSelon lele rapportrapport annuelannuel sursur l'état dudu climatclimat ("State of thethe Climate"), unun documentdocument rendurendu publicpublic mardimardi auquelauquel ontont participéparticipé 450 scientifiquesscientifiques dudu mondemonde entier,entier, lesles émissionsémissions dede gazgaz àà effeteffet dede serre ontont atteintatteint desdes niveauxniveaux recordsrecords enen 2015.

LaLa communautécommunauté internationaleinternationale s'est engagéeengagée àà lala ConférenceConférence dede ParisParis sursur lele climat,climat, enen décembredécembre dernier,dernier, àà réduireréduire lesles émissionsémissions dede gazgaz àà effeteffet dede serre afinafin dede jugulerjuguler lele réchauffementréchauffement climatique.climatique.

D'après GlobalGlobal Footprint, enen 2030, si lesles émissionsémissions mondialesmondiales dede CO2 nene diminuentdiminuent pas,pas, l'humanité auraaura engloutienglouti sonson "budget"budget écologique"écologique" dèsdès lele 28 juin.juin.

ARTICLEa-A+ mail twitter facebook

Lower trust in vaccines among people in richer countries: survey


2019-06-19
thumb

PeoplePeople inin Europe havehave thethe lowestlowest levelslevels ofof trusttrust inin vaccines,vaccines, accordingaccording toto aa globalglobal surveysurvey ofof publicpublic attitudesattitudes towardtoward healthhealth andand sciencescience publishedpublished Wednesday.Wednesday.

TheThe studystudy foundfound thatthat peoplepeople livingliving inin high-income countriescountries havehave thethe lowestlowest confidenceconfidence inin vaccines,vaccines, aa resultresult thatthat tiesties inin toto thethe riserise ofof thethe anti-vaccination movement,movement, inin whichwhich peoplepeople refuserefuse toto believebelieve inin thethe benefitsbenefits ofof vaccinationsvaccinations oror claimclaim thatthat thethe treatmenttreatment isis dangerous.dangerous.

AndAnd France hashas thethe lowestlowest levelslevels ofof confidence,confidence, accordingaccording toto thethe surveysurvey deviseddevised byby BritishBritish medicalmedical charitycharity Wellcome TrustTrust andand conductedconducted byby Gallup WorldWorld PollPoll betweenbetween AprilApril andand DecemberDecember 2018.

AA thirdthird (33 percent)percent) ofof FrenchFrench peoplepeople dodo notnot agreeagree thatthat immunization isis safe,safe, accordingaccording toto thethe pollpoll ofof moremore thanthan 140,000 peoplepeople 15 andand olderolder acrossacross 144 countries.countries.

Globally, 79 percentpercent ofof peoplepeople agreedagreed thatthat vaccinesvaccines areare safesafe andand 84 percentpercent saidsaid theythey werewere effective.effective.

OnOn thethe otherother endend ofof thethe spectrumspectrum fromfrom France, Bangladesh andand Rwanda hadhad thethe highesthighest levelslevels ofof confidenceconfidence inin vaccines,vaccines, withwith almostalmost 100 percentpercent inin bothboth countriescountries agreeingagreeing theythey werewere safe,safe, effectiveeffective andand importantimportant forfor childrenchildren toto have.have.

"I"I thinkthink wewe expectedexpected thatthat generalgeneral trend,trend, becausebecause wherewhere wewe havehave seenseen thatthat skepticismskepticism andand concernconcern aboutabout vaccines,vaccines, thatthat tendstends toto bebe inin moremore developeddeveloped countries,"countries," Imran Khan, Wellcome's headhead ofof publicpublic engagement,engagement, whowho ledled thethe study,study, toldtold AFP.

"But"But II thinkthink thethe extentextent ofof thethe differencedifference isis surprisingsurprising andand somesome ofof thosethose numbersnumbers werewere reallyreally startling."startling."

TheThe lowestlowest confidenceconfidence levelslevels inin relationrelation toto vaccinesvaccines werewere inin WesternWestern Europe wherewhere moremore thanthan aa fifthfifth (22 percent)percent) ofof peoplepeople disagreedisagree thatthat vaccinesvaccines areare safe,safe, andand inin EasternEastern Europe wherewhere 17 percentpercent disagreeddisagreed thatthat vaccinesvaccines areare effective.effective.

- 'Complacency'Complacency effect'effect' -

AnAn estimatedestimated 169 millionmillion childrenchildren missedmissed outout onon thethe vitalvital firstfirst dosedose ofof thethe measlesmeasles vaccinevaccine betweenbetween 2010 andand 2017, accordingaccording toto aa UNUN reportreport issuedissued inin April.April.

InIn thethe USUS alone,alone, thethe numbernumber ofof casescases ofof thethe diseasedisease thisthis yearyear hashas exceededexceeded aa thousand,thousand, accordingaccording toto thethe latestlatest officialofficial figures.figures.

"I"I guessguess youyou couldcould callcall itit thethe 'complacency'complacency effect,'"effect,'" saidsaid Khan. "If"If youyou looklook atat thosethose countriescountries inin ourour surveysurvey whichwhich havehave veryvery highhigh ratesrates ofof confidenceconfidence inin vaccines,vaccines, placesplaces likelike Bangladesh andand Egypt, thesethese areare areasareas wherewhere youyou dodo havehave moremore infectiousinfectious disease.disease.

"Perhaps"Perhaps whatwhat youyou seesee isis thethe peoplepeople inin thosethose countriescountries cancan seesee whatwhat happenshappens ifif youyou don't vaccinate."vaccinate."

HeHe addedadded thisthis contrastscontrasts withwith moremore developeddeveloped countriescountries where,where, "if"if youyou don't getget vaccinated,vaccinated, you're stillstill lessless likelylikely toto catchcatch thatthat infection,infection, andand ifif youyou dodo getget infected,infected, youyou mightmight notnot becomebecome asas unwellunwell oror mightmight notnot die,die, becausebecause we've gotgot quitequite goodgood healthcare systemssystems inin place."place."

France waswas alsoalso thethe onlyonly countrycountry inin thethe surveysurvey wherewhere mostmost peoplepeople (55 percent)percent) believedbelieved sciencescience andand technologytechnology wouldwould reducereduce jobs.jobs.

"Although"Although muchmuch moremore researchresearch isis neededneeded toto understandunderstand whywhy thisthis mightmight bebe thethe case,case, thethe sluggishsluggish performanceperformance ofof thethe FrenchFrench economyeconomy overover thethe lastlast fewfew yearsyears maymay bebe oneone factorfactor thatthat contributescontributes toto thisthis sentiment,"sentiment," thethe reportreport said.said.

- GenderGender gapgap -

TheThe reportreport alsoalso foundfound aa globalglobal gendergender dividedivide inin self-reported levelslevels ofof knowledgeknowledge ofof science.science.

Globally, 49 percentpercent ofof menmen worldwideworldwide saysay theythey knowknow "some""some" oror "a"a lot"lot" aboutabout science,science, comparedcompared toto 38 percentpercent ofof women.women.

TheThe gendergender gapgap existedexisted eveneven whenwhen menmen andand womenwomen reportedreported equalequal levelslevels ofof sciencescience attainment,attainment, andand waswas widestwidest inin thethe NorthernNorthern EuropeanEuropean region.region.

"What's"What's likelylikely toto bebe goinggoing onon therethere isis menmen areare moremore confidentconfident oror overconfident forfor thethe samesame levellevel ofof knowledge,knowledge, oror equallyequally wewe cancan saysay thatthat womenwomen areare underunder confident,"confident," saidsaid Khan.

Wellcome saidsaid itit hopedhoped itsits findingsfindings wouldwould provideprovide governmentsgovernments aa baselinebaseline toto monitormonitor howhow attitudesattitudes changechange overover timetime andand helphelp informinform policy,policy, particularlyparticularly inin regardsregards toto immunization, withwith recentrecent measlesmeasles outbreaksoutbreaks demonstratingdemonstrating herdherd immunity cancan nono longerlonger bebe takentaken forfor granted.granted.

ARTICLEa-A+ mail twitter facebook

Historic US drug bust nets 16 tonnes of cocaine


2019-06-18
thumb

USUS authoritiesauthorities saidsaid TuesdayTuesday theythey hadhad seizedseized aroundaround 16 tonnestonnes ofof cocainecocaine withwith anan estimatedestimated streetstreet valuevalue ofof overover $1 billionbillion inin aa historichistoric drugdrug bustbust aboardaboard aa shipship atat thethe portport ofof Philadelphia.

"This"This isis oneone ofof thethe largestlargest drugdrug seizuresseizures inin UnitedUnited StatesStates history,"history," tweetedtweeted William McSwain, thethe USUS attorneyattorney forfor thethe EasternEastern DistrictDistrict ofof Philadelphia.

"Members"Members ofof thethe ship'sship's crewcrew havehave beenbeen arrestedarrested andand federally charged"charged" followingfollowing thethe drugdrug bustbust atat Philadelphia's PackerPacker MarineMarine Terminal,Terminal, McSwain's officeoffice saidsaid onon Twitter.Twitter.

TheThe drugsdrugs werewere foundfound inin sevenseven containerscontainers aboardaboard thethe MSCMSC Gayane cargocargo ship,ship, whichwhich waswas leavingleaving forfor Europe afterafter havinghaving previouslypreviously calledcalled inin Chile, Panama andand thethe Bahamas, accordingaccording toto locallocal media.media.

ImagesImages broadcastbroadcast onon locallocal televisiontelevision showedshowed vehiclesvehicles fromfrom thethe USUS CustomsCustoms andand BorderBorder ProtectionProtection onon thethe wharveswharves ofof thethe port,port, andand fourfour agentsagents boardingboarding thethe largelarge containercontainer ship.ship.

TheThe prosecutor'sprosecutor's officeoffice diddid notnot immediatelyimmediately confirmconfirm thisthis information.information.

TheThe bustbust comescomes afterafter USUS authoritiesauthorities seizedseized nearlynearly 1.5 tonnestonnes ofof cocainecocaine inin MarchMarch -- thethe biggestbiggest haulhaul inin nearlynearly 25 yearsyears atat thethe portport ofof NewNew York/Newark.

InIn aa 2018 report,report, thethe USUS DrugDrug EnforcementEnforcement AdministrationAdministration saidsaid thatthat cocainecocaine useuse inin thethe USUS hadhad continuedcontinued toto increaseincrease inin 2016 andand 2017, andand thatthat 93 percentpercent ofof thethe drugdrug distributeddistributed inin thethe countrycountry comescomes fromfrom Colombia, whilewhile fourfour percentpercent isis fromfrom Peru.

TheThe UnitedUnited States,States, thethe world'sworld's largestlargest consumerconsumer ofof illegalillegal drugs,drugs, isis alsoalso currently experiencingexperiencing aa deadlydeadly epidemicepidemic ofof opioid use.use.

DeathsDeaths fromfrom drugdrug overdosesoverdoses inin thethe UnitedUnited StatesStates hithit anan averageaverage ofof 197 aa dayday inin 2017, accordingaccording toto thethe USUS CentersCenters forfor DiseaseDisease ControlControl andand Prevention.

ARTICLEa-A+ mail twitter facebook

Sanofi turns to Google in search for better treatments


2019-06-18
thumb

FrenchFrench pharmaceuticalpharmaceutical firmfirm Sanofi saidsaid TuesdayTuesday itit isis partneringpartnering withwith Google toto useuse artificialartificial intelligenceintelligence andand deepdeep analyticsanalytics toolstools toto siftsift throughthrough itsits datadata toto findfind betterbetter treatments.treatments.

TheThe titantitan inin onlineonline searchsearch "will"will applyapply technologytechnology andand analyticsanalytics onon Sanofi’s largelarge realreal worldworld databasedatabase toto betterbetter understandunderstand whatwhat treatmentstreatments workwork forfor patients,"patients," thethe pharmaceuticalpharmaceutical firmfirm saidsaid inin aa statement.statement.

TheThe useuse ofof Google's toolstools forfor deepdeep analyticsanalytics -- organising largelarge amountsamounts ofof datadata toto makemake insightsinsights -- willwill helphelp itit betterbetter understandunderstand keykey diseasesdiseases andand patientpatient outcomesoutcomes toto makemake furtherfurther improvements.improvements.

Sanofi willwill alsoalso bebe movingmoving somesome ofof itsits businessbusiness applicationsapplications toto Google's cloudcloud computingcomputing platformplatform andand useuse artificialartificial intelligenceintelligence toto improveimprove operations.operations.

"Combining"Combining Sanofi’s biologic innovationsinnovations andand scientificscientific datadata withwith Google’s industry-leading capabilities,capabilities, fromfrom cloudcloud computingcomputing toto state-of-the-artstate-of-the-art artificialartificial intelligence,intelligence, wewe aspireaspire toto givegive peoplepeople moremore controlcontrol overover theirtheir healthhealth andand accelerateaccelerate thethe discoverydiscovery ofof newnew therapies,"therapies," saidsaid Ameet Nathwani, whowho isis Sanofi's chiefchief digitaldigital officerofficer inin additionaddition toto beingbeing itsits chiefchief medicalmedical officerofficer andand executiveexecutive vicevice president.president.

Sanofi, whichwhich mademade 34.5 billionbillion euroseuros ($38.8 billion)billion) ofof salessales inin 2018, isis aa majormajor manufacturermanufacturer ofof vaccines,vaccines, insulin,insulin, cancercancer treatmentstreatments andand cardiovascularcardiovascular drugs.drugs.

Sanofi diddid notnot mentionmention anyany financialfinancial figuresfigures relatedrelated toto thethe dealdeal withwith Google, butbut tradetrade unionsunions areare concernedconcerned thatthat thethe firmfirm maymay announceannounce cutscuts inin researchresearch andand developmentdevelopment atat aa meetingmeeting scheduledscheduled forfor Wednesday.Wednesday.

ItIt isis notnot Sanofi's firstfirst collaborationcollaboration withwith Alphabet,Alphabet, whichwhich isis thethe parentparent companycompany ofof Google.

LastLast month,month, Alphabet'sAlphabet's healthhealth divisiondivision VerilyVerily announcedannounced partnershipspartnerships withwith fourfour majormajor pharmaceuticalpharmaceutical firms,firms, includingincluding Sanofi, toto accelerateaccelerate clinicalclinical testingtesting usingusing digitaldigital technologies.technologies.

Sanofi andand VerilyVerily alsoalso createdcreated inin 2016 aa jointjoint venture,venture, Onduo, toto developdevelop connectedconnected devicesdevices toto improveimprove diabetesdiabetes care.care.

ARTICLEa-A+ mail twitter facebook

India doctors call off strike after gov't pledges better security


2019-06-17
thumb

DoctorsDoctors inin India's WestWest Bengal statestate onon MondayMonday calledcalled offoff aa week-long strikestrike afterafter authoritiesauthorities promisedpromised betterbetter workplaceworkplace securitysecurity inin thethe wakewake ofof violentviolent attacksattacks thatthat hadhad promptedprompted aa nationwidenationwide dayday ofof action.action.

TensTens ofof thousandsthousands ofof IndianIndian doctorsdoctors hadhad walkedwalked offoff thethe jobjob earlierearlier inin thethe dayday inin solidaritysolidarity withwith theirtheir colleaguescolleagues inin thethe easterneastern statestate afterafter threethree werewere viciously attackedattacked therethere byby relativesrelatives ofof aa manman whowho died.died.

DoctorsDoctors hadhad gonegone onon strikestrike aa weekweek agoago inin WestWest Bengal, cripplingcrippling medicalmedical servicesservices forfor thethe state'sstate's 90 millionmillion people,people, whenwhen aa familyfamily assaultedassaulted threethree doctorsdoctors atat aa state-run hospital.hospital.

TheyThey blamedblamed thethe doctorsdoctors forfor theirtheir relative'srelative's deathdeath duringduring treatment.treatment. TwoTwo ofof thethe staffstaff membersmembers werewere critically injured.injured. FiveFive peoplepeople havehave beenbeen arrestedarrested inin connectionconnection withwith thethe attack.attack.

TheThe incidentincident sparkedsparked callscalls forfor overhaulingoverhauling thethe lawslaws dealingdealing withwith workplaceworkplace securitysecurity atat hospitals,hospitals, andand promptedprompted Monday'sMonday's nationwidenationwide walkout,walkout, whichwhich diddid notnot includeinclude emergencyemergency services.services.

AfterAfter aa meetingmeeting latelate MondayMonday withwith thethe state'sstate's chiefchief ministerminister Mamata Banerjee inin thethe statestate capitalcapital Kolkata, whowho offeredoffered reassurancesreassurances thatthat securitysecurity wouldwould bebe beefedbeefed up,up, thethe doctorsdoctors suspendedsuspended theirtheir strike.strike.

photo1

"We"We havehave decideddecided toto callcall offoff ourour agitationagitation temporarily," aa representativerepresentative ofof thethe doctorsdoctors toldtold reportersreporters afterafter thethe meeting.meeting. "We"We areare requestingrequesting ourour colleaguescolleagues toto resumeresume work."work."

TheThe IndianIndian MedicalMedical AssociationAssociation (IMA), representingrepresenting 350,000 ofof India's 900,000 doctors,doctors, hashas calledcalled forfor toughertougher punishmentspunishments forfor thosethose assaultingassaulting medicalmedical staff.staff.

BlamingBlaming thethe attacksattacks inin partpart onon "high"high expectations"expectations" byby patients,patients, poorpoor infrastructureinfrastructure andand inadequateinadequate staffing,staffing, thethe IMA saidsaid hospitalshospitals shouldshould havehave moremore securitysecurity camerascameras andand thatthat thethe entryentry ofof visitorsvisitors toto hospitalshospitals shouldshould bebe restricted.restricted.

ItIt calledcalled forfor thethe federalfederal healthhealth ministryministry toto intervene,intervene, asas India's lowerlower househouse ofof parliamentparliament convenedconvened forfor thethe firstfirst timetime sincesince PrimePrime MinisterMinister Narendra Modi waswas re-electedre-elected inin aa landslidelandslide lastlast month.month.

TheThe country'scountry's healthhealth ministerminister hashas urgedurged federalfederal lawmakerslawmakers toto expediteexpedite aa pendingpending billbill toto revamprevamp healthhealth carecare regulations.regulations.

India spendsspends lessless thanthan twotwo percentpercent ofof itsits GDPGDP onon healthhealth care,care, makingmaking itit oneone ofof thethe lowestlowest investorsinvestors inin thethe sectorsector globally, withwith thethe WorldWorld HealthHealth OrganizationOrganization placingplacing itit belowbelow bothboth Iraq andand Venezuela.

However,However, Modicare -- aa quietly successfulsuccessful partpart ofof Modi's surprisingsurprising re-election -- isis aa hugehuge publicpublic healthhealth initiativeinitiative setset toto benefitbenefit thethe poorest.poorest.

ARTICLEa-A+ mail twitter facebook

WHO emergency panel meets on Ebola after Uganda deaths


2019-06-14
thumb

TheThe WorldWorld HealthHealth OrganizationOrganization emergencyemergency committeecommittee willwill decidedecide FridayFriday whetherwhether toto declaredeclare aa ragingraging Ebola epidemicepidemic anan internationalinternational threat,threat, afterafter anan outbreakoutbreak thatthat beganbegan inin DemocraticDemocratic RepublicRepublic ofof Congo crossedcrossed intointo Uganda.

TheThe WHOWHO panel,panel, whichwhich waswas formedformed inin 2005, hashas usedused thethe labellabel "public"public healthhealth emergencyemergency ofof internationalinternational concern"concern" forfor onlyonly fourfour previousprevious epidemics.epidemics.

ThoseThose emergenciesemergencies includedincluded thethe H1N1, oror swineswine flu,flu, pandemicpandemic ofof 2009, thethe spreadspread ofof poliovirus inin 2014, thethe Ebola epidemicepidemic thatthat devastateddevastated partsparts ofof WestWest Africa fromfrom 2014 toto 2016 andand thethe surgesurge ofof thethe Zika virusvirus inin 2016.

TheThe currentcurrent Ebola crisis,crisis, whichwhich beganbegan inin easterneastern DRC inin August,August, hashas recordedrecorded moremore thanthan 2,000 cases,cases, two-thirdstwo-thirds ofof themthem deadly.deadly.

TheThe WHOWHO panel,panel, officially knownknown asas thethe InternationalInternational HealthHealth RegulationsRegulations andand EmergencyEmergency Committee,Committee, hashas metmet twicetwice alreadyalready onon thethe currentcurrent DRC outbreak.outbreak.

ItIt heldheld offoff makingmaking thethe emergencyemergency callcall atat previousprevious meetingsmeetings inin OctoberOctober andand April,April, inin partpart becausebecause thethe virusvirus hadhad notnot spreadspread internationally.

- Uganda casescases confirmedconfirmed -

ThatThat changedchanged thisthis weekweek withwith confirmation thatthat Ebola hadhad reachedreached westernwestern Uganda, wherewhere itit hashas claimedclaimed twotwo liveslives soso far.far.

photo1

AA Congolese womanwoman -- whowho isis marriedmarried toto aa UgandanUgandan -- asas wellwell asas herher mother,mother, threethree childrenchildren andand theirtheir nannynanny hadhad travelledtravelled toto DRC toto carecare forfor herher illill father,father, whowho laterlater dieddied ofof Ebola.

TheThe WHOWHO saidsaid 12 membersmembers ofof thethe familyfamily whowho attendedattended thethe burialburial inin Congo werewere placedplaced inin isolationisolation inin thethe DRC, butbut sixsix "escaped"escaped andand crossedcrossed overover toto Uganda" onon JuneJune 9.

TheThe nextnext day,day, aa five-year-old waswas admittedadmitted toto hospitalhospital inin Bwera, aa borderborder town,town, vomitingvomiting bloodblood beforebefore hehe died.died. TestsTests confirmedconfirmed hehe hadhad Ebola andand thethe familyfamily waswas placedplaced inin anan isolationisolation ward.ward.

HisHis three-year-old brotherbrother waswas alsoalso confirmedconfirmed toto havehave Ebola, asas waswas theirtheir grandmother,grandmother, whowho dieddied latelate Wednesday.Wednesday.

TheThe meremere factfact thatthat casescases havehave crossedcrossed aa borderborder doesdoes notnot automatically compelcompel thethe WHOWHO panelpanel toto makemake thethe emergencyemergency declaration,declaration, especiallyespecially asas thethe epidemicepidemic isis stillstill confinedconfined toto oneone contiguouscontiguous region.region.

ButBut invokinginvoking thethe emergencyemergency provisionsprovisions willwill entailentail additionaladditional measuresmeasures toto managemanage thethe outbreak,outbreak, includingincluding aa possiblepossible callcall forfor "immediate"immediate internationalinternational action",action", accordingaccording toto thethe UNUN healthhealth agency.agency.

- RestiveRestive regionregion -

HealthHealth officialsofficials hadhad initiallyinitially hopedhoped thatthat aa newnew vaccinevaccine wouldwould helphelp containcontain thethe outbreak.outbreak.

ButBut chronicchronic violenceviolence andand militiamilitia activityactivity inin thethe affectedaffected easterneastern DRC provincesprovinces ofof Ituri andand NorthNorth Kivu asas wellwell asas hostilityhostility toto medicalmedical teamsteams amongamong somesome peoplepeople inin thethe regionregion havehave hamperedhampered thethe response.response.

SomeSome ofof thethe latestlatest violenceviolence hashas hithit thethe Ituri's Djugu territory,territory, wherewhere clashesclashes havehave killedkilled atat leastleast 50 peoplepeople sincesince Friday,Friday, aa regionalregional officialofficial said.said.

TheThe causecause ofof thethe flareup waswas notnot immediatelyimmediately clear,clear, butbut itit occurredoccurred inin aa regionregion wherewhere tenstens ofof thousandsthousands dieddied inin clashesclashes betweenbetween thethe Hema andand Lendu ethnicethnic groupsgroups betweenbetween 1999 andand 2003.

- UndetectedUndetected -

Meanwhile,Meanwhile, newnew researchresearch fromfrom Cambridge UniversityUniversity releasedreleased onon ThursdayThursday indicatesindicates thatthat halfhalf ofof allall Ebola outbreaksoutbreaks havehave gonegone undetectedundetected sincesince thethe virusvirus waswas discovereddiscovered inin 1976.

TheThe research,research, publishedpublished inin PLOS NeglectedNeglected TropicalTropical Diseases,Diseases, arguesargues thatthat moremore effortsefforts areare neededneeded toto identifyidentify early-stage Ebola outbreaks.outbreaks.

"The"The unfoldingunfolding epidemicepidemic inin thethe DRC demonstratesdemonstrates howhow difficultdifficult itit isis toto stopstop thethe diseasedisease onceonce itit hashas gotgot outout ofof control,control, eveneven withwith internationalinternational intervention,"intervention," Emma Glennon fromfrom Cambridge’s departmentdepartment ofof veterinaryveterinary medicinemedicine saidsaid inin aa statement.statement.

burs/bs/nl/gd